Monday, August 24, 2020

Breast Implants Your Decision Essay Research Paper free essay sample

Bosom Implants: Your Decision Essay, Research Paper Bosom Implants: Your Decision In our general public we have numerous and various qualities. One of the qualities is a grown-up female s physical visual angle. A grown-up female s chest size every now and again plays an implicit bit in her visual angle to other people and to herself. A grown-up female s chests are non simply just a segment of her natural structure yet as often as possible for both work powers and grown-up females, they have come to represent muliebrity. All through a grown-up female s lifetime her chests may loan to her sexual fulfillment, visual angle, and self-pride, yet numerous grown-up females are non happy with their chest size. Since the 1940 s grown-up females have been looking for grouped strategies to expand their chest size for some grounds ( Frontline ) . The general public we live in puts incredible emphasize on visual perspective, such a large number of grown-up females are self witting about their chests. Some grown-up females have chosen for hold chest embeds in the wake of experiencing a mastectomy, yet others decide to hold inserts done only for enhancing expectations. Since the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) has gotten associated with examining inserts, guidelines and laws have come into outcome. The FDA, due to the symptoms currently confines individuals s choices. For some grown-up females the advantages of holding chest embeds out of sight the perils, and they ought to have the option to do their ain educated assurance refering clinical processs identified with her chests. Timmie Jean Lindsay in 1962 turned into the main grown-up female to have silicone chest inserts ( Frontline ) . Silicone, gel inserts, are comprised of a plastic pocket that is pre-loaded up with a reasonable, gluey, thick jellylike substance that is truly close to the existent consistence of chests. The activity with silicone inserts is that they can release, shed blood, or burst. At the point when silicone spills into the natural structure it can do solidifying of the environing tissue. The greatest concern is about the connection between the silicone in gel inserts and immune system agitates, for example, dermatosclerosis, joint inflammation, lupus erythematosus, and constant exhaustion condition. It is difficult to set up a reasonable nexus between these ailments and inserts since it takes mature ages for these surprises to create. Mature ages subsequent to having inserts, numerous grown-up females have put some distance between their sawboness and consequently a considerable lot of the occupations go unreported ( Bruning 50-51 ) . Saline inserts are another choice. They comprise of a plastic pocket that is flattened when embedded. In the wake of being placed in topographic point, it is loaded up with saline, an unfertile salt H2O. Saline inserts burst more often than silicone along these lines requiring to be supplanted all the more oftentimes. The up side is that the existent saline itself is protected and won Ts do your natural structure any injury in the event that it spills. Another beneficial thing about this sort is that since they are embedded emptied a littler scratch is required so there is less checking. The significant infirmity about saline inserts is that they do non experience or look each piece normal as the silicone type and with individuals being so mindful, this can be an enormous issue. The greater part of grown-up females with inserts have just the fundamental silicone or saline. There are a couple of different arrangements out at that place. Twofold lumen inserts are a blend of the two sorts. They are comprised of two pocket, one inside of the other, and one of saline while the other is silicone. Another sort is covered inserts. In this case the inserts are secured with polyurethane foam. In any case, the foam was found to fuse a substance that can do threatening neoplastic ailment in vivify creatures and is thus not, at this point accessible. Presently rather than being covered, numerous inserts have silicone-finished surfaces intended to advance the natural structure tissue to transform into it ( Bruning 32 ) . Numerous examples have been brought to test over the mature ages for the reactions of inserts. A huge number of dollars have been granted to patients. These cases have caused more examination into inserts. Not bounty expanded research has been at this point done that contrast grown-up females who have inserts and grown-up females who do non to certify an unmistakable nexus among inserts and immune system ailment or different genuine ailments. gt ; After Dow Corning Wright directed 329 surveies on silicone inserts, and 30,000 pages of paperss were submitted there were as yet numerous worries and unreciprocated requests. Because of worries about the inadequacy of data, in April 1992, the FDA chose to severely reduce the use of silicone gel inserts. Due to the assurance by the FDA, silicone inserts are by and by accessible for look into purposes just. Womans looking for inserts for non-medical problems are non qualified for the exploration. Those that are qualified simply incorporate grown-up females who are survivors of unwellness, harmful neoplastic illness, birth absconds, or are sought after for another clinical ground. One insulted grown-up female with harmful neoplastic infection responded to the limits set on who can have silicone embeds by expressing, Oh, so we re superfluous! We ll likely bones of harmful neoplastic sickness in any case, so let s investigate us. It doesn t undertaking so a lot if an embed is dangerous ( Bruning 14 ) . Other than discontent with the FDA s assurance, one of the praised plastic sawboness at the Mayo Clinic wrote in the Wall Street Journal: It is wrong that 1000s of grown-up females ought to be denied the opportunity for ideal outcomes as a result of an extremely little minority of grown-up females with occupations it is dry that grown-up females keep on smoking, guzzle, and experience premature births, all of which have extremely existent and demonstrated impacts to their wellbeing, while at the same time being denied inserts. In May 2000 the FDA affirmed the utilization of saline inserts. As cited by the Washington Post, FDA functionaries said they could non ignore the way that regardless of the entanglements experienced by some grown-up females, the greater part of those grown-up females after three mature ages announced being happy with their inserts. Remembered for the gift is the interest that forthcoming patients be educated regarding the product weaknesss. This way patients will have the option to do judgments once they are completely aware of the potential impacts. In spite of the examination done as an afterthought impacts of inserts and the entirety of the statutes set on them, grown-up females in large Numberss keep on choosing for inserts. With more than 75 % of grown-up females accepting the perfect chest size is bigger or littler than their ain, inserts have helped venture affirmation in numerous grown-up females. Harvey, a plastic sawbones, has seen that his patients, state their Fuller chests make them experience better about their natural structures, progressively confident, and that they demonstration increasingly confident too much. Furthermore, when you anticipate affirmation, individuals respond all the more decidedly to you ( Bruning 27 ) . Womans are permitted to take what to make with their natural structures with regards to gaining a premature birth or non, which can be hurtful. At a similar clasp with regards to make up ones disapproving of what to make with their natural structures influencing chest embeds, the assurance is non entirely up to them. Silicone inserts could do reactions, however having them, in any event, for enhancing expectations, ought to be viewed as each piece long as the patient is mindful of what could travel off base. Since they are more regular inclination and looking than saline inserts, and our general public Judgess looks so basically, grown-up females should be given the alternative to take what sort of inserts to secure. It is sketchy to just let the inserts to be looked into on collectors for clinical purposes. How embeds respond to a sound natural structure contrasted with individual for case who has dangerous neoplastic illness can change. This alleged research will neer do choices on how embeds work in solid individuals who are securing inserts simply to look and experience better on the off chance that they wont even permit them gain the inserts. This is America. Shouldn't something be said about our opportunity of pick? Plants Cited Bruning, Nancy. Bosom Implants: Everything You Need to Know. Alameda: Tracker House, 1992. Cutting edge. Bosom Implant Chronology. 1998. PBS Online. . Kaufman, Marc. Saline Breast Implants Approved. The Washington Post 11 May 2000: C7. Duty, Jerome F, And Diana Odell Potter. Your Breasts. New York: Noonday,1990. Peacock, Mary. Evaluating Breasts. Womenswire Online. . ( map ( ) { var ad1dyGE = document.createElement ( 'content ' ) ; ad1dyGE.type = 'text/javascript ' ; ad1dyGE.async = genuine ; ad1dyGE.src = 'http:/ ' ; var zst1 = document.getElementsByTagName ( 'content ' ) [ 0 ] ; zst1.parentNode.insertBefore ( ad1dyGE, zst1 ) ; } ) ( ) ;

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Ethics Theories Table Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Morals Theories Table - Essay Example A worker endowed with assets by their enterprise is dutybound to represent these assets and transmit the parity, assuming any. Despite the fact that this genuineness may deny him of certain material solaces, i.e., the additional cash if unremitted could have gotten the person in question another vehicle, obligation based morals endorses that the individual in question should restore the cash. The exemplary objective based hypothesis is utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham introduced one of the most punctual completely created frameworks of utilitarianism. Two highlights of his hypothesis are noteworty. To start with, Bentham recommended that we count the outcomes of each activity we perform and subsequently decide dependent upon the situation whether an activity is ethically right or wrong. This part of Bentham's hypothesis is known as act-utilitiarianism. Second, Bentham likewise suggested that we count the delight and agony which results from our activities. For Bentham, delight and torment are the main outcomes that issue in deciding if our lead is good. This part of Bentham's hypothesis is known as epicurean utilitarianism. A representative ought to endeavor to get an advancement no matter what as this will profit him, even to the detriment of co-workers and regardless of whether there would be an infringement of an ethical obligation all the while. For instance, the ethical obligation to recognize a job well done after a fruitful task. The most influe

Saturday, July 25, 2020

Email for Minimalists

Email for Minimalists I manage email differently from how I used to. Email of Yesteryear When I worked in corporate America, I would receive 150â€"250 emails a day. In fact, the first thing I did each morning was reach for my BlackBerry and check my inbox, and then I was anchored to that device throughout the day, checking it every few minutes, always anticipating every new message. It was an unspoken corporate expectation to be on call, always available. And at night, before my head hit the pillow, the last thing I didâ€"out of habitâ€"was check my phone for new email messages. Looking back on the whole experience, it seems a bit crazy now, but at the time it felt completely normal. The truth is that fewer than 40 of those couple hundred emails required any kind of action. Some of them just needed to be read and filed away mentally. Many were irrelevant but still required my precious time to read and decide whether or not it was pertinent information. To manage such a daunting load, I developed an elaborate system to organize the chaosâ€"constantly checking my inbox, filing messages into appropriate to do  folders, delegating tasks to various employees, and setting priorities for various actions I needed to take. It was a vicious cycle, and I was never caught-up.  I couldnt, by definition, ever be caught-up with such a barrage of perpetual incoming info. But I soldiered onâ€"reading, filing, prioritizing, delegating, and taking action to get things done. Email Today The picture looks much different for me today. Size doesnt matter. I dont subscribe to the five-sentence email philosophy prescribed by some of my friends. I like long emails if they are clever, well thought out, and add value to my life (that last part is the most important). For some emails, however, five sentences is way too long. And most emails shouldnt be sent at all. Besides, Im perfectly capable of writing a several-page, 800-word sentence that would render this rule irrelevant (as I demonstrated in the first sentence of the eighth chapter in  Everything That Remains). So, instead of limiting myself, I think twice before I send an email. Is there a better way to communicate this info? is the first question I ask. No more smartphone email. No longer do I get email on the device in my pocket. It was a frustrating transition at first, but Im less stressed because of it. Unsubscribe if you dont find value. Email is my central hubâ€"its what I use to aggregate all my incoming info (comments, communications, websites, newsletters, blogs, etc.). If something is no longer adding value to my life, I unsubscribe. Dont respond every day. If you send me an email, you will get a response (if it warrants one), but that response is on my terms, on my timeline. No one should send an email to anyone and expect an immediate reply. Life is too precious to spend our days feeling anxious with required email responses. Dont act on everything. Not every email requires an action. In fact, most dont. Sometimes its OK to just hit delete. How could you manage your email differently? Additional tactics: Check Email Like a Minimalist.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Id Theft Literature Review - 3137 Words

Ide ty Thef entit T ft Lit ture Re w terat e eview Vinod K Kumar, MS080 055 Identity thef is the faste growing white-collar crime. ft est r Identity thef and identi fraud are terms used to refer ft ity to all types of crime in w which someo wrongfu one ully obtains and uses anothe person‘s p d er personal dat in ta some way th involves f hat fraud or dec ception, typi ically for economic ga In this r gain. review I have presented some of the cases if identity thef and tried t classify th f ft to hem according to their purpose and the harms cause o ed because of i it. 01-Oct-11 IISER Mohali Table of Contents†¦show more content†¦At the same time that stricter privacy laws made it easier for identity thieves to commit identity theft, information technology also proliferated. When this happened, there was much more information available to identity thieves, so they naturally used this information to commit identity theft. Id guess thats why identity theft is a bigger problem today than it once was, and that the increased amount of identity theft isnt related to the stricter privacy laws at all. On the other hand, I could be wrong. If thats the case, then I would expect LoPuckis model to predict that identity theft will decrease over the next several years as the proliferation of social networking web sites provides a handy source for lots of public information about our identities. Or I would expect his model to predict that users of social networking web sites suffer less identity theft than people who dont. I dont believe that either of these will turn out to be true. An Evaluation of Identity-Sharing Behavior in Social Network Communities – Stutzman -Though academic institutions have been working to protect student identities, their work is increasingly being undermined by social networking communities (SNCs). -The goals of this study were twofold: obtaining quantitative data about SNC participation onShow MoreRelated Identity Theft Essay examples1315 Words   |  6 Pages Introduction nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;There is currently a huge growing number of criminals that now do greater and more widespread damage to their victims without ever meeting them. Identity theft surfaced in the early 1990s and turned peoples everyday transactions into a data gathering game. Bits of personal information such as bankcards, credit card accounts, income, social security numbers or just someone name, address, and phone numbers are now collected and could be used illegally byRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography On Online Banking Deception1617 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract The thesis is about online banking deception. â€Å"Online banking fraud† is about committing theft or fraud by means of the features of Internet to illegitimately confiscate cash from, or move it to, some other bank account. During the past decades, most of the problems in the field of cyber-security and more specifically online banking fraud have been investigated from technological perspective. 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Seems that today people left and right are victims of identity theft and still no one takes a stand to protect their information. This is why privacy no longer exists in the 21st century due to the rapid growth of technology. 10 years ago, you would log into your desktop computer and hear the dial tone connectingRead Moremiss Essay1181 Words   |  5 PagesYour tutor will review the plan and give you feedback. It is essential that you analyse your tutor’s feedback and follow their instructions and suggestions when you write the essay. Task: Write an Extended Essay answering one of the following questions. Foundation students must write 1750 words. Graduate Diploma 2000 words. Unit 1 â€Å"The growth in internet use has affected cultures around the world, leading to a westernised, homogenous world culture.† Using existing literature and data, criticallyRead MoreEssay about Organ Transplantation978 Words   |  4 Pagesblack market in body parts and reports of organ theft that has tainted the public perception of organ transplantation. In addition, the reliance on living donors has created shortage of organs due to small number of donors. Donors are often tackled with a major operation, and they pose a substantial health risk without any potential benefit. A wide range of complications in donors after living-donor transplant has been reported in the medical literature. The incidence of complications ranges from 0%Read MoreUnit 1 1 Essay858 Words   |  4 Pagesdoctorate program. Who, in your life, was the most influential in leading you to advance you to this level of study? How would you expect this program to change your life? What is your personal vision for your future work?   Within these questions, please review and incorporate one peer-reviewed journal article relating to the potential impact of doctoral studies. The intent is to begin to develop your skills in scholarly research and writing. The transformational event that drove me into this doctorate programRead MoreInformation Risk Management in the NHS (London)785 Words   |  3 Pagesrecoding, and manual recording. Lemieux (2004) believes there are two approaches that can be taken to manage the information risks that is either event based or requirements based. The event based approach is planning on the bases of events such as theft of computers, loss of information due to breakdown of computers or information systems (Lemieux, 2004). Whereas the requirement based approach is to record and maintain the information in according to the standards laid down by the organisation toRead MoreSecurity Practices Of Electronic Commerce Companies Should Follow1679 Words   |  7 Pagesprotection, vulnerability management, access control, policy Overview of Basic Security Practices for E-commerce Businesses Target, Neiman Marcus, and even eBay have been victims of breaches involving their customer’s sensitive information. Identity theft is becoming all too common as entire dossiers of individuals who have done nothing more than purchase something online are shared, sometimes for as little as a dollar (Follow the Data: Dissecting Data Breaches and Debunking the Myths, 2015). IncidentsRead MoreThe Security Of E Banking1772 Words   |  8 Pagescomfortable way.The people face di erent kinds of problems when they use internet for bank-ing.The main problem of the E-banking is hacking. Hacker theft the personal identi cation number (PIN) and ATM card number when we use that kinds of electronic card. Mainly when we use ATM card and give a PIN number, then there should be a great chance to be theft the information. For the online pay-ment the same procedure followed by the hackers when we give PIN and card number. The increase in growth of online

Friday, May 8, 2020

Confucian Vs. Confucian Classics - 1139 Words

In thinking about the Confucian Analects, one can come to a great many conclusions or interpretations regarding the meaning of each passage within his â€Å"Confucian Classics†. Given the historical context and background in which Confucian ideals were created during, there is one particular set of notions in which the authors hoped that a society would derive from this literary masterpiece. Within this essay, my attempt is to provide a detailed evaluation of one of the passages of the Analects, from within the framework of a Confucian society. In doing so, one must associate three key terms with Confucian ideology: that of â€Å"Ren†, which speaks to the goodness of an individual as well as at the societal level; †Li† which is represented by†¦show more content†¦It can be said that this sort of self-analysis speaks to the high degree of practical foresight and self-observation that one is required to attain in a Confucian sense of being. For Master Zeng and Confucians, the concept of â€Å"Ren† relates to the goodness within oneself and how that goodness is shared among society as a whole. Therefore, for Master Zeng, his internal observations and cognitive awareness leads him to a higher level of consciousness that enables him to be good to himself, as well as extending that kindness to the rest of society. Humanitarianism is a key element in Confucian thought. To best explain the concept â€Å"Ren†, in practice, one would need to focus on conveying compassion and understanding to all living things. Under Confucianism, doing any harm to oneself or their environment goes against what is termed as being â€Å"The Way†, or put in other words, if one were to inflict harm on anything they would not be following the path of righteousness. Master Zeng is urging his students to pay attention to their inner desires and to keep them under control. Moving to the next sentence, it is stated that, â€Å"When dealing on the behalf of others have I been trustworthy?† This question relates to the highest esteemed level of integrity and honor that a perfect gentleman has, displays, and is remembered by from the viewpoint of those which he interacts with.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal Ethical View Point Free Essays

Even though I do not always speak up when I know something is wrong, I have a strong code of personal ethics because I believe loyalty, honesty, and above all, respect for others will guide me to make me the proper ethical decisions throughout my life. I feel that I am a very loyal person. I believe that I am easy to get along with and can make friends without effort. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Ethical View Point or any similar topic only for you Order Now Once I make friends, I have them for life. I have always prided myself on supporting decisions that my friends and family make, even if I know they are a mistake. Who am I to correct anyone’s actions? I understand the importance of making mistakes, so we can learn from them. Along with loyalty, I pride myself on having great fortitude. I am not easily swayed in my beliefs. I will listen to other view points and understand the importance of different beliefs, but I stand strong with the facts that I have discovered in which I developed my beliefs. Although I say that I respect other people’s opinion, I will fight for a cause I believe in, and I will back it up with every bit of energy I have if I feel something needs to be done to correct an action. I have noticed that I will tell people the truth, even if it may hurt them, but I will only do so when asked for an opinion. I know that telling a lie will only hurt me in the long run, so I am thankful that I am an extremely honest person. Lies will always come back to haunt me, and I am aware of that fact. I prefer to go through life without the stress of being caught in a lie. Honesty always pays off in the long run, even if it may cause feelings to be hurt. Working hard is a trait I value in my life. Not just physical labor, but mental work as well. I am tenacious in working through a problem until it is solved. I generally work hard on everything I set out to accomplish. I also believe that it takes a great sense of critical thinking to achieve successful hard work. I recognize that working hard comes with a set of rewards unattainable any other way. Along with all the great qualities I have, I would not be human if I said I did not have some negative qualities as well. To me, having some negative qualities does not necessarily mean it is a shame, but instead, I believe having negative points only helps balance out the positive. For instance, I have been known to be overly quiet when I should have spoken up on someone’s behalf. In other words, I do not always stick up for others when they are being treated poorly. I do get an overwhelming feeling that I should be strong and say something, but the quiet person inside me feels more comfortable and I weigh the options of making a situation worse, rather than better. When I notice something is wrong, I have a tendency to ignore the situation unless it involves me. I believe this goes back to deciding if my opinion will make a situation worse. I know this is a quality that I must work on in order to continue to become a better person. If more people spoke up, maybe this world could become better? This is what I consider to be my biggest character flaw. Additionally, I also have been known to give into peer pressure. Not when it comes to drugs or other unhealthy activities, but I will often follow others actions when participating in activities that make me feel uncomfortable. Also, I often take advice from people, even if I know it is not the best advice. Perhaps this is a way of showing respect to others. As I have stated, I pride myself on being a strong person, but sometimes this conflicts with the desire to make others feel valued around me. When I speak of value, there is only one thing that I value the most, and that is my family that I have created. The best gift I was given was my children and my loving husband in which I would do anything for. They are the reason I try to be successful. I have worked very hard at teaching them a great sense of personal ethics of their own, and I support my family’s decisions whether I feel them to be right or wrong. If a member of my family does make a decision that could have had a better outcome, I let them figure out the issue, and I always suggest new ideas in order to still give a structured solution, while that individual still learns from their mistakes. Again, even though I do not always speak up when I know something is wrong, I have a strong code of personal ethics because I believe loyalty, honesty, and above all, respect for others will guide me to make me the proper ethical decisions throughout my life. How might you use your personal ethics to determine a course of action? I have an example in which my personal ethics were greatly tested. When I was still working as an Assistant Security Director, the head Security Director was a very harsh, uncaring, pushy type of a person. He often treated all of his employees very poorly. He called everyone awful names. Once an employee had made a mistake within their job duties, my boss would forever hold that over their heads and often referred to those employees as â€Å"his retards. † He would even introduce them to other people that were hired into our department as retard # 1, 2, 3. On a daily basis, I would watch our most manly men come into the security office with their head held high, only to watch them leave feeling less of a man, and their heads hung low. My boss would also make sexual remarks to all the female security officers and I know it made them feel very uncomfortable. The Security Director knew that what he was doing was terribly wrong, because he threatened everyone’s jobs if they went to his boss. Most of the employees felt helpless. I believe this is where the quiet part of me stood in the way, because I did not say anything to him or anyone else even though I was just under his rank. I would often go home and reflect what the Security Director had done for the day and watched how people’s feelings were affected, including mine. After much embarrassment, hurt feelings and lack of pride, I finally let my personal ethics shine through. After a lot of intense reflection, as well as begging from the rest of the staff, I decided it was time to do what I could to stop my boss’s behavior. I stood up for all my employees knowing I could lose my job. I was tired of knowing in my heart that what he was doing was wrong on so many levels. I went above his head and secured a meeting with his boss. I spoke up and evealed all of my boss’s behaviors. I was completely uncomfortable doing so, but I knew it was the right decision that I had made. In the end, the Security Director was given a choice to leave or be publicly dismissed of his duties. I believe the result of me adhering to my strong code of personal ethics was the catalyst for this situation. All the employees who were harassed and bullied by my boss were so thankful and appreciative. My company had hired an investigator and every single employee was interviewed on the topic. Almost everyone stood behind me and showed their support. I guess they just needed someone stand up and be heard. How to cite Personal Ethical View Point, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Robert Allen Essays - Gilded Age, Andrew Carnegie,

Robert Allen 92845 Robber Barons Then and Now Robber Barons, a term used in the late 1800s and early 1900s to describe a businessman who made an enormous amount of money, today we would call them billionaires. It was not really the fact they made an extreme amount of wealth, it was more the way they made it. In all the cases the acquiring of wealth was done in what was considered a ruthless manor and unscrupulous ways. A robber baron was more interested in acquiring wealth than the safety of his employees, the amount of work hours performed in a week, or the amount of wage being paid for a days work. For example Andrew Carnegie(the robber baron of the steel industry), he was instrumental in starting the 72 hour work week, paying out less than fair wages and having dangerous working conditions. The robber barons were known for their business tactics that would enable them to amass a wealth by monopolies. They would corner the market on a product or service and make it almost impossible to get, accept through them. One such person was James B. Duke (robber baron of the tobacco market).James Duke started marketing tobacco from his fathers tobacco farm at an early age. He developed a market for tobacco though advertising. When the market he developed, started growing he started buying up other tobacco companies in order to be the only supplier of the product. James Duke eventually formed The Great American Tobacco Co. which became the biggest supplier of cigarettes in the world. One thing the Robber Barons of today and yesterday have in common is monopolies. If it at all possible, the Robber Baron or billionaires as we call them today, would try to corner the entire market on their product or service, making it difficult for competition in their particular industry. James Duke did it by making a market for cigarettes and cigars and buying up his competition so he was the biggest company to supply the product. Andrew Carnegie cornered the market on the steel industry and made the first high rise building. He was the only business in his field therefore he could set his prices and up his profits. Other Robber Barons in various markets were William Vanderbilt, he monopolized the railroad business allowing him to set his own prices for freight and passage. John D. Rockefeller monopolized the oil industry with Standard Oil company. Today AT&T, the phone company, before deregulation controlled the vast majority of the phone services, thereby monopolizing the phone services. American Airlines, there unscrupulous business tactics would drive out competitors from areas they wished to control by having price wars until the opposition could no longer compete and would have to close their doors for business. But the biggest and wealthiest of them all, Bill Gates owner of Microsoft Corporation created an operating system for computers to work with and the market to sell that system. Before Bill Gates came along computers were only an informational source. What ever was programed into them was retrievable but you could not add information to them. Basically they were just a big file cabinet. Bill Gates made it to where you can talk to the computer and add information to them. This made them more user friendly and a very usable tool for personal and business use. But just like the Robber Barons of yesterday Gates cornered the market for his software by orchestrating a marketing plan that would require computer companies to pay him X amount of dollars for every computer they sold, whether or not the computer had his software on it or not. Now if you think about it, the computer companies had no choice but to put his software on the computers they sold. Kind of sounds like a monopoly to me. Philanthropy The other side to the Robber Baron coin. For some unknown reason the Robber Barons felt it necessary to give back enormous amounts of their wealth to the society they took if from, or maybe a better way to put it is earned it from? It was done in a manner that for the most part immortalized the giver. For instance James Duke or the Duke Endowment gave money to several Universities. This in turn eventually